Chemistry and biology, in the easiest forms. As promised, this will be suitable for high school dropouts, or even early mornings with the first cup of coffee.
Carbon is life. If a substance includes carbon it is called “organic.” If there is no carbon, the substance is inorganic. Organic involves organisms or the products of their life processes. Carbon dioxide, CO2, is a product of life processes. It is what most living things breath out.
Plants and animals release carbon as CO2, but we don’t call it breathing when a plant does it because they don’t have lungs. Every bacterium, dog, fish, tree, pansy and bird releases lots of CO2 into the atmosphere.
Trees and plants also release O2 into the air. Two separate processes. For living, they “breath out” CO2, but for growing, they take carbon from the air and release O2. As a young tree grows it provides oxygen. When it matures the balance means no net CO2 or O2. When it gets old, and ultimately dies, all of the carbon it stored goes back to the air it came from as it rots. It’s a cycle.
ROT is a misleading term, left over from a few hundred years ago. Rotting sounds like something a dead tree does, or a fallen hero, but dead trees do nothing. They don’t even fall down without help. What happens to trees is that they get eaten, reused, recycled. Everything organic gets eaten. Always, always, something out there wants the carbon and the nitrogen stored in something else. That process of being eaten results in what we call “rot.” That ugly name is the muscle and backbone of all life on earth. It is composting, and God and the Bible spoke of these things long before Leeuwenhoek discovered “animalcules” in his mouth.
“Earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust, in sure and certain hope of the resurrection.” Composting is the very natural process of restoring life on earth. As corrupt and fallible as it is, we are all part of the never-ending cycle.
With that understanding, it’s time to move on to some dangers and challenges of agriculture. It never needs to be a crisis.